New Mnemonics For Memorizing Bitcoin Seed Phrases

This is a viewpoint editorial by Thorbjørn König, a principal item designer with a sole focus on producing excellent user experiences for bitcoin items and services.One of the more curious features of bitcoin is that if you are able to memorize 12 or 24 words, referred to as a recovery expression or seed expression, you can essentially hold your bitcoin in your head.The inspiration behind developing a mnemonic expression, complementing the existing and not so human-friendly, hexadecimal and binary representation of the seed, was to develop a group of easy to keep in mind words, which could quickly be composed on paper or spoken over the phone.The intro of the mnemonic phrase has generated a wealth of self-custody items and services– the thinking being that you ought to never ever be depending on your memory alone to access your wealth.These self-custody services and products featured a set of security and user experience obstacles themselves.We have actually been establishing for a specific obstacle– protected encoding, keeping and retrieval of a string of words, providing solutions for individuals that are primarily logical-mathematical oriented.People are various though, and for a subset of individuals it is easier to remember musical tones, shapes, items or movement, than it is to remember words. For these people, brand-new mnemonics, such as spatial or musical mnemonics– would provide a more significant user experience.New mnemonics would need novel self-custody services for safe and secure encoding, keeping and retrieval of info– presenting a new chance for software application and hardware developers and designers.BrainsHaving an understanding of our strengths and aversions, weak points and preferences, can help us single out individual tools for discovering and memorizing.Our brain, consciousness and understanding of self, is one of the most competed spaces of contemporary science– and pop-culture alike.Following this is a few of the believing behind personality types, discovering and memory– which can assist us in constructing new mnemonics and the accompanying self-custody solutions.Although not entirely definitive or unanimously accepted by the scientific neighborhood, there is something here worth our attention.Left-Brained Versus Right-BrainedPsychobiologist Roger Sperry discovered that our brain has actually specialized functions on both hemispheres, and that the two sides can operate almost individually– for example he found that language was managed by the left-side of the brain. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his split-brain research.Over the years this has actually been over-generalized by popular psychology, specifying that people are either left-brained or right-brained. More current research recommends that while the brains hemispheres have distinct processing styles, psychological processes are shared amongst both sides– they do not function specifically, however complementarity.For example, math abilities are strongest when both brain hemispheres work together.Still, the left brain hemispheres tend to handle numerous aspects of language and logic, while the ideal brain hemispheres tend to handle spatial info and visual understanding. And the majority of people have, if not a dominant brain hemisphere, then a minimum of a distinct specific preference for activities connected to among the 2 brain hemispheres.Multiple IntelligencesDevelopmental psychologist Howard Gardner challenged the idea that there is a single kind of intelligence with his theory of multiple intelligences.He argued that we each have a number of kinds of intelligences, at differing levels of efficiency, such as; linguistic intelligence; logical-mathematical intelligence; spatial-visual intelligence; bodily-kinesthetic intelligence; and musical intelligence.Note that the logical-mathematical and linguistic intelligences are the most valued in school and society.In summary: Linguistic Intelligence: Is delicate to the spoken and composed language, easily discovers languages and utilizes language to achieve goals.Logical-mathematical: Analyzes issues rationally, performs mathematical operations and investigate issues scientifically.Spatial-visual intelligence: Recognizes and manipulates the patterns of large area, along with patterns of more confined areas.Bodily-kinesthetic: Uses the entire body or parts of the body to resolve problems.Musical intelligence: Is experienced in the performance, structure and appreciation of musical patterns.Now we can explore the alternative expressions of the timeless mnemonic phrase– with the personality types and various intelligences mentioned above in mind.ExpressionsMnemonic Phrase/WordsThe mnemonic we love and know– 12 or 24 words. Introduced with BIP39.Often managed by the user alone, ideally protected on stainless steel, but in numerous ill-considered cases just jotted down on paper.Also, a number of self-custody services stand all set to help you– ought to you discover yourself losing sleep over being your own bank.All the above with the add-on possibility of remembering the string of words yourself.An example of a mnemonic phrase, 12 words: Mnemonic Phrase/BrailleThere are ~ 8 million people with visual problems in the U.S. alone– and over 253 million globally.More inclusive bitcoin self-custody product or services are needed.Braille is a tactile system of touch reading and writing for the visually impaired, in which raised dots represent the letters of the alphabet. Braille is read by moving the hand or hands from delegated right along each line.Numbers are produced by positioning the Braille number indication # before the Braille letters “A” (#A = 1) through “J” (#J = 0). This mnemonic phrase: alpha– day– december– valid– abstract– stone– panda– market– robust– culture– kidney– youthWould be this in Braille: alphadaydecember. therefore forth.Some Braille Resources: Braille-Tools– this library offers some CSS and Javascript to display Braille in web pages (for sighted people). The Bitcoin white paper, transcribed in Braille, consisting of tactile diagrams.For years, the South Korean business Dot Inc. has actually been innovating with tactile communication– a few real life examples: Dot Cell/An Electromagnetic Tactile Actuator– the worlds smallest and most cost-effective Braille cell. Due to its modular and compact nature, the use cases for the Dot Cell are endless.Dot Watch/6x Braille Cell– The Dot Watch lets you experience time in a totally new method: without sound, just on your own. Truly, a new sense of time.Dot Pad/300x Braille Cell– Access visual material from any source. For the very first time, you can feel your handwriting, sketches and signature.Dot Pad Developer Center/SDK Guide/Sample Code/Dev Tools– Develop an entire new classification of accessible applications for the first real-time tactile graphics display.Mnemonic Phrase/ELIA Frames ™ Of the 8.4 million individuals who have a visual impairment in the United States– only about 60,000 of them can check out braille. Significance, 99.1% of people who have a visual disability cant read Braille, the factor mainly being that they lost their vision as adults. For numerous, the discovering curve is too steep.ELIA Frames ™ is a brand-new tactile reading system– a simple and user-friendly to learn alternative to braille– especially for people who found out how to check out regular text prior to losing their vision.Hello World– embeded in ELIA Frames ™: Easy to check out, also for individuals with 20/20 vision. Albeit a bit harder to write.Heres a mnemonic phrase: alpha– day– december– legitimate– abstract– stone– panda– industry– robust– culture– kidney– youthNow set in ELIA Frames ™: alphadaydecember. therefore forth.Mnemonic Design/LogogramsWhen director Denis Villeneuve began working on the sci-fi film Arrival, he and his group relied on real-life computer system scientists Stephen and Christopher Wolfram to assist with genuine science.Christopher specifically was entrusted with analyzing and composing code for a fictional nonlinear visual language.Aaron MorrisonEarly on, the Wolframs cut the logograms into sections of– 12. Wolframs software application can determine and track intricate shapes, producing a bank of known words or thoughts.Only a handful of the logograms have translations, however it would be possible to construct out a bigger vocabulary. The tools and designs are in location. All thats missing is the will– and a lot of patience.Mnemonic Design/ShapesAs grammar is a rule-based system for sentences and expressions– shape grammars are rule-based systems for explaining and producing designs.Shape grammars generate designs by computing straight with shapes in two or three measurements, instead of with signs, words, numbers or other abstract structures that represent visual shapes indirectly.Shape grammar development begins with a vocabulary of shapes– and the meaning of spatial relations in between these shapes, constraining the manner ins which vocabulary aspects may be combined with one another.Andrew I-kang Li, an associate teacher in style and architecture at the Kyoto Institute of Technology (KIT), Japan, has established a shape grammar software tool for designers.Mnemonic Design/OrigamiOrigami (折り紙) is the art of paper folding, which is typically connected with Japanese culture.Origami is intriguing in that it encompasses both the visual and the tactile, often accompanied with an emotional element– strong functions when it comes to memorization.Also– it holds limitless combinations of shapes, quickly 2048.”Folding Techniques For Designers/ Paul Jackson”Paul Jackson has edited 40 books on paper arts and crafts. He has actually taught the strategies of folding on more than 150 university-level design courses in the U.K., Germany, Belgium, the U.S., Canada and Israel.He has also been a “folding consultant” for companies such as Nike and Siemens. He is the founder and director of the Israeli Origami Center.”Folding Techniques For Designers”/ Paul JacksonOrigami holds fantastic things qualities and could possibly be captured, recognized and managed by an object capture API– of sorts.Mnemonic Design/BricksLEGO is an abbreviation of the two Danish words “Leg godt,” suggesting “Play well.”Playing with LEGO is a spatial, analytical and cheerful experience.Walking barefoot on a LEGO brick is also an experience, and strangely enough also one we are searching for– more about adrenaline spikes and long-lasting memory in the area on neurochemicals.There are 46 possible mixes with two two-by-four LEGO bricks– of which 2 are unique. All the other mixes have doubles, which can be accomplished by turning the lower brick 180 degrees, so the number of various mixes is 2+(46– 2)/ 2=24. On the entropy of LEGO ®/ Bergfinnur Durhuus and Søren EilersWe require a lot more than 46 mixes, and adding simply one additional two-by-four brick (462) will get us there. 2,116 in total– above 2,048– given we do not rotate them– which will provide us 1024-bit encryption.Reducing the variety of bricks from 24 to 12 without any rotation also offers us 1024-bit encryption.Mnemonic designs add, through their tactility, an extra (albeit wafer-thin) file encryption layer. You need the physicality of the objects present– in this case 3 two-by-four LEGO bricks.Oh– and braille bricks.Mnemonic Palette/ColorsThere are more than 3,000 Pantone ® colors that cover the full spectrum– with each example appointed a special number and name.So, if you fight with the color itself, you may remember its number or name– Ashes of Roses, Desert Flower, Mother of Pearl. An alternative could also be to merely add a Pantone ® color and name to the existing BIP39 word list– to help your memory.Mnemonic Choreography/MovesDirector and performance artist Ryan Heffingtons ability to produce a connectedness between audience and performer earned Sia over 2 billion views for Chandelier– making it among the most watched video in history.Heffingtons choreography was embodied by the then 11-year-old dancer, Maddie Ziegler.Heffington developed a bitesize monologue which break down the regimen in words and choreographic expressions: Morse code, morse codeYoure getting higherHunger painsEyes with mouthsWounded dog in one of those wheelchairsA familiar tear, a recurring tearIce skaterDont try this at homeGluttonous and lonelyWax on, wax offBlow powderFork, fork, stab it in the wall, toss it outPass outCome to lookCharlie Chaplin, Charlie ChaplinCockroach up the wallClear your mustachePassAnd you have actually consumed excessive againCats cradleGangster, gangsterSomebody put baby in the mother fucking cornerPump, pumpFearRobot birdBounce, bounceIV, IVImaginary friendHandlebarsJesusHugClockworkMascaraSip you upLoose your breathFarewell songIntimate relationsReprimand yourselfSame problem, various angleThe veil is liftedWere letting you in on our joke”My preferred phrase of his is– An injured dog in one of those wheelchairs– at that minute I recognized how visceral and specific those moves are and why audiences react so strongly to his choreography. Its absurd, but its genuine life.”– Andrea Sisson, directorRyan Heffington likewise choreographed the dance motions in the deeply strange Netflix series The OA– here the motions operated as a phrase to open a portal to another dimension.This is done by catching the motions of an individual in genuine time with a mobile gadget, potentially identifying and handling these motions and poses as input to an object capture API of sorts.Mnemonic Composition/TonesSound is defined as a vibration which propagates as an acoustic wave, through a transmission medium like a solid.there, gas or liquid are 5 basic characteristics of sound waves: wavelength, amplitude, frequency, duration and velocity.Note and tone are two terms which are associated to the frequency of acoustic waves. The note is the outright pitch of a noise, and represents a particular frequency. The tone is specified as the noise that is recognized by its consistency of vibrations.A significant or a minor scale, originated from universal acoustic concepts, has 7 notes, accompanied with 7 basic syllables: do, re, mi, fa, sol, la and ti.In “Close Encounters Of The Third Kind,” Composer John Williams desired to use seven notes, however Spielberg considered it to be too wish for an easy greeting, so it ended up being five tones rather; re, mi, do, do, so– the 2nd “do” is an octave below the first.The musical phrase changes over the discussion, going through a number of variations, such as changing the register, tone and octave color– exploring a fundamental tonal vocabulary.The 5 tones were picked by Williams after attempting a couple of hundred of over 100,000 possible five-note combinations available in the 12-tone chromatic scale.Rarely all 12 tones are utilized, most music uses the 7-tone or diatonic scale to divide octaves, and much of folk music uses five tones.A mnemonic composition consisting of 24 variations, with five tones each, would offer us well above 2,048. 1024-bit file encryption likewise works.Mnemonic Composition/Frequencies”If you want to find the tricks of deep space, believe in terms of vibration, energy and frequency.”– Nikola TeslaHertz (Hz) is the system of frequency and is defined as one cycle per second. People generally hear sound frequencies between ~ 20 Hz and ~ 20,000 Hz. Low bass to high treble.The 12-tone chromatic scale includes frequencies from around 16.35 Hz to 31,608 Hz, although frequencies above 8,000 Hz are ruled out basic frequencies.Cymatics is the research study of visualizing audio frequencies– by vibrating the surface of a diaphragm, plate or membrane , holding a thin finishing of particles, paste or liquid, different patterns emerge on the medium, depending upon the applied frequency. The greater the frequency, the more detailed the pattern. Its an interesting mix of sound and form.Mnemonic Composition/VectorsWhen an audio signal is fed straight into the oscilloscope, vector graphics are drawn with sound.It is a specific representation of the exact same waves that reach your ear as acoustic waves– the closest possible connection in between sound and image.Hansi Raber has developed a software application called OsciStudio, which transforms 3D objects from blender (open source 3D software application) into sound to show them once again on an oscilloscope. The software can be played quickly as a MIDI instrument and runs on Windows or Mac.Artist Jerobeam Fenderson has actually been developing an oscilloscope vocabulary using OsciStudio, that both noises and looks incredible. Smarter Everyday interviewed them both.Output is in 2D on the oscilloscope however might possibly be displayed or printed in 3D. Once again, it is an interesting mix of sound and form.Of the mnemonic compositions, the cymatics and the oscilloscope are most likely the most challenging, in respect to establishing a working self-custody item– however, theyre intriguing structure blocks.ChunksMnemonic Technique/ChunkingChunking allows people to take smaller sized little bits of info and integrate them into something more meaningful and memorable– in a sense hacking the limitations of their working memory. Like, a telephone number sequence of 4– 1– 5– 5– 4– 3– 8– 9– 7– 7 chunked into 415– 543– 8977. Chunks are frequently extremely subjective, considering that they are based upon specific understandings of, and experiences with, the set of info. Portions usually vary from 2– 6 items.People generally battle with holding more than 5– 9 products in their short-term memory, not to mention long-term memory.Memorizing 24 words, shapes or musical tone variations is close to difficult for many individuals– memorizing half of that is possible but still a major challenge.Can we utilize chunking to make them easier to remember?Say we have a 1:1 connection in between 2 various type of mnemonics, for example a mnemonic design and a mnemonic phrase, so the first LEGO brick combination is equivalent to the word “alpha,” the 2nd LEGO brick mix equal to the word “day,” and so forth.And then mix them: So that the above are experienced as the below– 6x LEGO with names: In the order: style– word– design– word– style– word– style– word– design– word– design– word.Select a mix that reflect your individual learning choices: word– tones– word– tones– word– tones– word– tones– word– tones– word– tones.Mix it up even further, with an extra mnemonic: style– word– tones– design– word– tones– style– word– tones– style– word– tones.Resulting in 4 things, each holding a name and a set of tones.NeurochemicalsAs people we have the ability to shop and obtain details we have actually discovered or experienced– we describe this as our memory.Our memory can broadly be divided into three various kinds of memory– short-term memory, medium-term memory and long-term memory.If we wish to be able to obtain our personal keys from our memory, possibly over a timespan of years, we require to examine how we can enhance our long-term memory.This video includes some fascinating points from Dr. Andrew D. Huberman, an American neuroscientist and associate teacher in the Department of Neurobiology at the Stanford University School of Medicine.In Summary: Repeat And ReviewOne of the finest methods to find out something is to just repeat it over and over– this goes for everything from the physical exercise of juggling a soccer ball to the mental workout of keeping in mind a string of words.This is likewise where the idea of the learning curve originates from, finding out something typically starts being relatively impossible and sluggish, then over time turns and accelerates into something that you master with relative ease. Practice makes perfect.When learning something brand-new, you need to continuously review what you learned to reinforce the encoding, or you will have problem with memory retention. The spaces in between your evaluations can be longer as time goes on. Some describe this as the forgetting curve.Adrenalin SpikeEmotional resonance enhances memory– both unfavorable or positive feelings such as love, pleasure, fear or discomfort. Anything that gives your mind and body a boost of adrenaline, reduces the need for substantial repetition.Exercise is terrific for both your body and your mental health, however it can likewise help your memorization. Up your pulse with a tough run.This is the exact same reason that any type of deliberate cold exposure, like a cold shower or an ice bath, will enhance your memorization.Caffeine consumption falls under this classification as well, offering a quantifiable spike in adrenaline.Emotion ought to be linked to the learning experience itself, including focus and intensity. Workout, cold exposure and caffeine should be applied a brief while after the knowing experience for optimal impact. Ideally 10– 15 minutes. later.Note that it would be counter productive to add a boost both prior to and after the learning experience– it is not the quantity of adrenaline in the body over time that speeds the knowing process up, but the distinction in adrenaline, before and after the discovering experience.MeditationEverything from taking a brief 20 minutes. nap, approximately 2– 4 hours after a knowing experience, to a more focused meditation or non-sleep deep rest (NSDR), can improve learning.Where a fast nap is something many people can see themselves doing, the high-focus state of meditation and the low-focus state of NSDR takes a bit more, well, finding out. Anticipate that it can take up to 8 weeks prior to the results of constant practice of meditation and NSDR manifest.WordsAnyone who creates for humans should think about all elements of this– from the restrictions of short-term memory to the interactions in between humans, technology and the surrounding society.Our brains vary when it comes to memorization and preferences for how we communicate with technology. And, as builders of self-custody items, we should accept this element of truth, so that we can provide every one of our users a both joyful and significant experience.Design for all human beings, with all our individual differences in mind.This is a guest post by Thorbjørn König. Viewpoints expressed are completely their own and do not necessarily show those of BTC Inc or Bitcoin Magazine.

This is an opinion editorial by Thorbjørn König, a primary product designer with a sole focus on producing terrific user experiences for bitcoin items and services.One of the more curious features of bitcoin is that if you are able to memorize 12 or 24 words, understood as a healing expression or seed expression, you can essentially hold your bitcoin in your head.The inspiration behind creating a mnemonic phrase, complementing the existing and not so human-friendly, hexadecimal and binary representation of the seed, was to create a group of simple to remember words, which could quickly be composed on paper or spoken over the phone.The introduction of the mnemonic phrase has given rise to a wealth of self-custody products and services– the reasoning being that you should never ever be relying on your memory alone to access your wealth.These self-custody products and services come with a set of security and user experience difficulties themselves.We have actually been developing for a specific difficulty– safe and secure encoding, saving and retrieval of a string of words, offering solutions for individuals that are mainly logical-mathematical oriented.People are various though, and for a subset of individuals it is much easier to remember musical tones, shapes, items or motion, than it is to memorize words. And many people have, if not a dominant brain hemisphere, then at least an unique specific choice for activities related to one of the two brain hemispheres.Multiple IntelligencesDevelopmental psychologist Howard Gardner challenged the notion that there is a single type of intelligence with his theory of several intelligences.He argued that we each have numerous types of intelligences, at varying levels of efficiency, such as; linguistic intelligence; logical-mathematical intelligence; spatial-visual intelligence; bodily-kinesthetic intelligence; and musical intelligence.Note that the logical-mathematical and linguistic intelligences are the most valued in school and society.In summary: Linguistic Intelligence: Is sensitive to the spoken and composed language, quickly uses and finds out languages language to accomplish goals.Logical-mathematical: Analyzes issues logically, performs mathematical operations and examine concerns scientifically.Spatial-visual intelligence: Recognizes and manipulates the patterns of broad space, as well as patterns of more confined areas.Bodily-kinesthetic: Uses the whole body or parts of the body to solve problems.Musical intelligence: Is experienced in the performance, structure and gratitude of musical patterns.Now we can explore the alternative expressions of the classic mnemonic expression– with the personality types and numerous intelligences discussed above in mind.ExpressionsMnemonic Phrase/WordsThe mnemonic we enjoy and understand– 12 or 24 words. Introduced with BIP39.Often managed by the user alone, preferably protected on stainless steel, however in numerous ill-considered cases just written down on paper.Also, numerous self-custody services stand ready to help you– need to you find yourself losing sleep over being your own bank.All the above with the add-on possibility of memorizing the string of words yourself.An example of a mnemonic phrase, 12 words: Mnemonic Phrase/BrailleThere are ~ 8 million people with visual problems in the U.S. alone– and over 253 million globally.More inclusive bitcoin self-custody items and services are needed.Braille is a tactile system of touch reading and composing for the visually impaired, in which raised dots represent the letters of the alphabet. An option could also be to simply include a Pantone ® color and name to the existing BIP39 word list– to help your memory.Mnemonic Choreography/MovesDirector and performance artist Ryan Heffingtons ability to develop a connectedness in between audience and entertainer made Sia over 2 billion views for Chandelier– making it one of the most watched music videos in history.Heffingtons choreography was embodied by the then 11-year-old dancer, Maddie Ziegler.Heffington developed a bitesize monologue which break down the regimen in words and choreographic phrases: Morse code, morse codeYoure getting higherHunger painsEyes with mouthsWounded pet in one of those wheelchairsA familiar tear, a recurring tearIce skaterDont try this at homeGluttonous and lonelyWax on, wax offBlow powderFork, fork, stab it in the wall, toss it outPass result to lookCharlie Chaplin, Charlie ChaplinCockroach up the wallClear your mustachePassAnd you have actually eaten too much againCats cradleGangster, gangsterSomebody put baby in the mom fucking cornerPump, pumpFearRobot birdBounce, bounceIV, IVImaginary friendHandlebarsJesusHugClockworkMascaraSip you upLoose your breathFarewell songIntimate relationsReprimand yourselfSame problem, various angleThe veil is liftedWere letting you in on our joke”My preferred expression of his is– An injured pet dog in one of those wheelchairs– at that moment I understood how visceral and particular those moves are and why audiences react so highly to his choreography. Chunks usually range from 2– 6 items.People typically struggle with holding more than 5– 9 products in their short-term memory, let alone long-lasting memory.Memorizing 24 words, shapes or musical tone variations is close to difficult for the majority of people– memorizing half of that is possible but still a major challenge.Can we use chunking to make them much easier to remember?Say we have a 1:1 connection between two different kinds of mnemonics, for example a mnemonic phrase and a mnemonic style, so the very first LEGO brick mix is equal to the word “alpha,” the second LEGO brick mix equivalent to the word “day,” and so forth.And then blend them: So that the above are experienced as the below– 6x LEGO with names: In the order: design– word– style– word– style– word– style– word– style– word– design– word.Select a mix that show your personal knowing preferences: word– tones– word– tones– word– tones– word– tones– word– tones– word– tones.Mix it up even further, with an extra mnemonic: design– word– tones– design– word– tones– design– word– tones– style– word– tones.Resulting in 4 things, each holding a name and a set of tones.NeurochemicalsAs humans we have the ability to store and retrieve details we have found out or experienced– we refer to this as our memory.Our memory can broadly be divided into 3 various types of memory– short-term memory, medium-term memory and long-lasting memory.If we desire to be able to obtain our private keys from our memory, potentially over a timespan of years, we need to examine how we can improve our long-term memory.This video consists of some fascinating points from Dr. Andrew D. Huberman, an American neuroscientist and associate professor in the Department of Neurobiology at the Stanford University School of Medicine.In Summary: Repeat And ReviewOne of the finest methods to find out something is to just repeat it over and over– this goes for everything from the physical workout of juggling a soccer ball to the psychological exercise of keeping in mind a string of words.This is also where the concept of the knowing curve comes from, finding out something typically begins out being sluggish and seemingly difficult, then over time turns and speeds up into something that you master with relative ease.

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